企業法務相關案例分享
前名義董事自居負責人訴請交付公司印鑑,本所律師協助獲勝判決

    【  事實經過  】 委任人阿雄與阿弟係兄弟,眾人均在家族公司任職,阿弟不服阿雄遭選任為最新董事,阿弟竟利用公司尚未變更登記的機會,向法院主張為公司負責人,起訴要求阿雄及相關員工交出公司印章及帳冊。.....https://www.alicelaw.com.tw/cases_content.html?n=105

▲蘇狀師談借屋不還

  之前法律諮詢時,有位老先生來求教,說妹妹搬去他家住,現在想請其離開有何方法。 首先,要確認妹妹進入他家住牽涉何法律關係;原則上,妹妹住進老先生的家,老先生未反對,就不會有侵入住宅罪的問題(刑法第306條),接下來要定性他們之間的法律關係。既然老先生同意妹妹住,而這個住可以理解為老先生同意妹妹使用房子作為日常起居之用,除非老先生對某些設施或用品有為特別之意思表示,不讓妹妹使用,否則妹妹原則上都可使用,那這樣代表什麼?此可理解為兩人間存有一使用借貸關係(針對房子而言),若未定期間;則為一不定期之使用借貸 。老先生與妹妹雙方就使用借貸之內容未明確約定,即回到民法之規定。既然是不定期的,依民法第470條規定,貸與人得隨時請求返還借用物;據此,老先生可以存證信函方式,終止使用借貸,並令其妹於一定期限搬離。 若其妹不搬離的話,又該如何救濟?待下回分曉。

▲蘇狀師談審約

審約時要注意的12項事 Whether you're signing a lease agreement or a multi-million dollar service agreement for new software, contracts are a fact of life in any business. A contract review requires diligence and an eye for detail. Managing expectations, focusing on outcomes and getting the key information from vendors can also help achieve better outcomes in contract management. 當你就新軟體訂立租約或數百萬的服務契約時,契約在任何一門生意裏,是一生活事實。契約審核要求就每一細節謹慎小心。掌理可預期事,關注結果和從賣方取得關鍵資訊,可助你於契約管理獲致較佳之結果。 It is not uncommon for otherwise very careful people to glance over a contract and just sign it without really knowing what it obligates them or the other party to do. Consult with an attorney before signing any contract to make sure your interests are protected. 簽約時只猛然一看而未明瞭你的義務或他方當事人應為如何作為,即立馬簽約者,畢竟是少數及罕見的;在簽約前諮詢你的律師,以確保你的權益妥適被保護。 What should you look for when reviewing a contract? Here are a few suggestions; your attorney may have additional advice: 當你審約時,你該注意什麼?在這有幾點供你的律師可以有額外之建議與提醒: Negotiate the terms. 協商條款When presented with a contract, remember that this is a starting point. You can negotiate the terms of nearly every agreement. Understand the purpose and scope of the contract and ask for what you want. You want to make the deal happen, but so does the other person. The worst that can happen is they say “no.” 當提出一契約時,記住此時是一個起始點。幾乎每一契約你可磋商契約條款。了解契約目的與範圍,同問問自己你的所求為何,最終你想要使交易發生,對方亦同。最糟的是,對方不想交易發生,對契約內容未形成共識。 Identify the parties.確認當事人 Be sure to include the names and addresses of any subsidiaries that will provide services. Complete all blanks.完整契約( 填滿空白處)Items left blank can be filled in later by someone else, so be sure to fill them in. It’s also good to initial all changes or deletions on any preprinted forms. Rights and responsibilities. 權利與責任It’s important to capture who’s responsible for what and who is liable if something doesn’t happen according to the contract. Never rely on an oral understanding. Know all of your rights and responsibilities under the contract. Carefully read the entire contract because rights and responsibilities are typically scattered throughout the agreement. Confidentiality provisions. 保密條款Determine if the other party will have access to any of your nonpublic personal or protected health information and, if so, consider including a provision requiring them to handle and secure the information in a commercially reasonable manner consistent with applicable federal and state laws. Remedies provisions.賠償條款 No one wants to talk about the bad stuff, such as what happens if something goes wrong, but you need to consider these things to put necessary mechanisms in place. Explore ways to limit your liability. Also determine what types of remedies you need in the event of default by the other party. Allocating risk.風險配置(風險分散) Determine how risk is to be allocated. Risk is typically borne by the party in the best position to prevent loss. Check for (or add) insurance requirements. Hold harmless and indemnification provisions.免責與保險賠付條款 When you agree to hold someone harmless you agree to not hold him or her responsible for liability that may arise out of the transaction. When you indemnify someone, you are agreeing to protect him or her from liability or loss that may arise out of the transaction. If you must indemnify the other party, limit the indemnification as much as possible. Negotiate the same indemnification for yourself. An attorney can also help you understand unintended consequences that might arise from using or agreeing to a particular clause. Causes for termination.契約終止 Consider including ways to terminate the contract for cause and/or for convenience (without cause) if it is not working to your benefit. Resolution of disputes.爭議之解決 Determine how you want to deal with resolution of disputes. An arbitration or mediation requirement could ultimately save you lots of time and money. However, there are times when you may need to go to court to resolve the dispute. When appropriate, try to give yourself some flexibility. Incorporated documents.契約附件 When another document is incorporated by reference, always read the incorporated document. Don’t assume you know what it contains. Signature lines. 簽名欄Confirm that signature lines refer to individuals who are authorized to sign the contract on behalf of the business; otherwise the contract may not be enforceable.

▲蘇狀師談娛樂法(著作權法篇–模仿屬於著作權法之重製?)

模仿屬於著作權法之重製嗎?甲很喜歡某出版社出版之畫冊集裏的一幅乙所畫的畫作(乙現仍生存),於是就照本宣科畫了一幅畫,甲的行為是否屬於著作權法裏的重製,進而要負民、刑責任?我認為沒有;為什麼? 再者,甲為知名歌星,乙擅長模仿甲,在許多場合模仿甲,漸漸有了知名度,則乙模仿甲的行為,是否侵害甲之表演,若甲依著作權法提告,乙要否負民、刑事責任?我認為乙沒有重製甲的表演,甲若乙侵害甲表演之重製權提起民、刑事訴訟,民事部分不構成侵害著作財產權,刑事部分不構成犯罪行為;為什麼?那麼乙侵害甲什麼權利?該如何救濟?

▲蘇狀師談娛樂法(著作權法篇)

Twitch Is Headed For a Copyright Disaster 推奇被推往著作權之災難 Twitch may be forced to build its own ContentID–or pick a fight with the music industry.Twitch被迫建立自有的ID內容或者選擇與音樂產業一博 On Friday, Twitch sent out an email to its users letting them know that the company had received “about 1,000 individual claims from music publishers,” and “they will likely send further notices.” The message was clear: Stop using copyrighted music in your streams, and check your old videos before they get taken down. 星期五,推奇向其使用者發出電子郵件,讓其使用者 知悉,該公司已從音樂出版商接收大約1千件訴訟,同時他們將可能進一步發出通知。訊息是很明確的,停止在你的串流利用有著作權的音樂,同時在你的舊影片被下架前,檢查那些舊影片是否有侵害著作權。 This isn’t the first time that Twitch has wrestled with the problem of music on its platform, and it doesn’t look like the issue will resolve any time soon. Eventually, Twitch may only have two options: Either build new tools to help bridge the gap between creators and rights holders, or turn on one of those groups.這已非第一次,推奇於其平與音樂著作權的問題而相互角力,其看似非能快速解決之議題。最終,推奇只有兩個選擇:不是搭起一個協助創作者與權力擁有者間溝通橋梁之新工具,就是打開那些集團之一。 Twitch’s most recent email is notable for a number of reasons, and they’re worth going through point by point.